Advice for High School Freshmen & Sophomores 

If you're about to enter your freshman or sophomore year in high school, the following steps are suggested if you wish to get on track toward becoming a candidate for a college with an NCAA-sanctioned riding team - i.e., a team that's a member of the National Collegiate Equestrian Association: 

Please note the new NCAA legislation on visiting campuses and meeting with athletics department staff (coaches):

In Division I and Division II schools:  An Unofficial visit with athletics department involvement (e.g., contact with athletics department staff, athletics-specific tour, complimentary admission) shall not occur with an individual (or his or her relatives or legal guardians) before August 1 at the beginning of her junior year in high school.

In Division III schools, parents may have contact and speak to a coach or athletics department staff while visiting.

Step 1: Consult National Collegiate Equestrian Association website to learn general information about NCAA Equestrian, and to review information on the colleges that offer NCAA-sanctioned equestrian teams. 

Step 2: If possible, attend a NCAA Equestrian competition in your area to get a better idea of what the competition format is all about. 

Step 3: Register online with the NCAA Eligibility Center – formerly known as the NCAA Clearinghouse (found at This is a very important requirement!  It is best to register before you take the SAT or ACT.

Step 4: Download or order a copy of the National Collegiate Athletic Association "Guide for the College-Bound Student-Athlete" (found at to become familiar with the NCAA and to review the list of courses that are required to meet the organization's criteria by the time of high school graduation. Consult your high school guidance counselor about getting on track toward becoming a NCAA Equestrian recruit, as these counselors usually have vast experience (from other sports) in navigating the often bewildering and overwhelming volume of NCAA rules and information. 

Step 5: Alert your trainer of your interest in a NCAA Equestrian school, and give him/her information on the NCAA Equestrian competitions so he/she can help and support you as you move through the recruiting process. 

Step 6: Organize your horse-show records – specifically, start making a list of year-end awards and/or seasonal show highlights, and update it regularly. Also, from 9th grade forward, start keeping a detailed accounting of all prize money won and expenses incurred at horse shows, which includes saving and organizing all receipts.  Prospective Student Athletes are allowed to win prize money.  The amount of prize money is not allowed to exceed your expenses for that calendar year (i.e. Jan 1st to Dec 31st).

Step 7:  Many colleges and universities have camps that recruits are permitted to attend.  This is a great way to get more insight on a program, meet the coaches, and get a better direction of how the program is operated.

Step 8: Prospective Student Athletes ARE allowed to call Equestrian coaches at any time.  However, an Equestrian coach is NOT permitted to return an email, text or phone call until June 15th following your sophomore year in high school. Per NCAA rules, coaches are prohibited from having any recruiting conversations with a PSA, PSA’s relative or PSA’s trainer prior to June 15th following her sophomore year in high school.  No recruiting conversations can occur prior to June 15th.

Step 9: Keep up your grades at school, and take the PSAT more than once (if possible) as a good practice test for the SAT and ACT. Academic performance is a very important factor in NCAA Equestrian recruiting. 

Step 10: Visit the websites of NCAA schools that you are interested in and fill out the recruiting questionnaire.  No matter your age, it is helpful for coaches to have your graduation year and contact information.

Step 11: Consult website for individual NCAA Equestrian schools that offer summer riding camps. This experience can offer a hands-on glimpse into what it's like to ride at the varsity level, even if the host school isn't one in which you'd necessarily be interested in attending – and you can pick up lots of helpful information, too. 

Step 12: Keep riding, learning and showing as much as possible! 

Going Beyond the Basic Steps 

Q: When a candidate has completed the Equestrian Athlete Questionnaire on the respective websites of the NCAA Equestrian colleges she might be interested in, should she wait to see if she hears back from coaches? Or should she go ahead and email her video, riding resume, academic resume and cover letter to the coaches of the schools she favors? 

A: The candidate should send all of the above-mentioned personal materials, regardless of whether she hears back from an Equestrian coach following submission of her questionnaire. Those personal materials can be submitted to coaches any time during the candidate's high school years, although sophomore or junior year is recommended. It's also recommended that if a candidate hasn't received a response to her personal materials within 14 days or so, she should follow up with an email or call to the coach (or coach's assistant) to inquire about her current status. This not only confirms that the candidate's personal materials were routed to the right place, but also conveys her continued level of interest to the coach.  Remember you will not receive a response from a coach if you send your information prior to June 15th following your sophomore year in high school.

Q: At what point in a candidate's high school years is she advised to make initial contact with coaches at NCAA Equestrian colleges to which she might wish to apply? 

A: Summer is usually the least-busy period for NCAA Equestrian coaches, and thus ideal for devoting time to reviewing videos and resumes. However, any time after June 15th of the candidate's sophomore year is recommended for initial contact with Equestrian coaches either by email, letter, phone call. In terms of correspondence, it's important to know that email, phone calls, and texts cannot be initiated by a coach until June 15th following the prospect’s sophomore year in high school.  After June 15th following the prospect’s sophomore year coaches can have unlimited email, phone, or text communication with a prospect.

Q: When a candidate makes initial contact with a NCAA Equestrian coach, what method is usually recommended – i.e., email, letter, phone call, etc.? 

A: After submitting the Equestrian Athlete Questionnaire, a follow-up email to the coach is recommended – with personal material (video, resume, etc.) emailed separately-some questionnaires require a youtube video upon submission. In these initial emails, candidates are advised to let coaches know their current high school year and anticipated graduation date, so the coaches will know if there are any restrictions on the method of their response. 

Q: Once a candidate has established contact with a coach, should she continue to update the coach on her riding progress and accomplishments? And if so, how often should she submit updates? 

A: After a candidate has submitted her video and resume, she may hear back from certain coaches who express an interest in keeping her on their radar, so to speak. In those cases, the candidate should continue to update those coaches (via email) on her riding progress and accomplishments – as well as letting coaches know of specific upcoming horse shows (and their dates/locations) in which she will be competing, in case coaches want to come and watch her ride. A bi-monthly or monthly update to coaches is suggested. 

Q: At what point is it recommended that a candidate make a personal campus visit to an NCAA Equestrian college in which she's interested? 

A:  New Legislation for 2019-20:  Under NCAA rules, if a candidate wishes to make an "unofficial" visit (i.e., the candidate covers all of her own travel expenses), she is welcome to visit an Equestrian campus at any time during her high school years – although freshman and sophomore athletes cannot have face to face contact with a coach when visiting the campus or the school’s equestrian facility.  If a PSA visits a school unofficially on or after August 1 of her junior year in high school she would be permitted to have face to face contact with a coaching staff.  If a candidate is formally invited by an Equestrian coach to make an "official" visit (i.e., the host college covers some or all of the candidate's travel expenses), she cannot make that official visit until August 1 of her junior year in high school. Under NCAA rules, candidates are permitted to accept up to five official visits (to five different NCAA Equestrian colleges) after August 1 of her junior year. While a candidate may wish to make a campus visit during her high school's spring break, coaches caution that this may not always be the best time – as NCAA Equestrian colleges often are at the height of their spring competition season during that period. 

Q: When a candidate is planning a NCAA Equestrian campus visit, what other arrangements should she consider making for the time she's there? 

A: On an unofficial visit, it's always recommended that a candidate call ahead to schedule a campus tour, a meeting with the Admissions Office, and an appointment with an academic advisor in the area(s) of study that most interest her. On an official visit, usually the hosting coach will schedule all of those tours and meetings for the candidate. Official visits only allow the candidate to remain on campus for up to 48 hours – so her time there needs to be mapped out efficiently and productively. But whether the visit is unofficial or official, it's always advisable to go while regular classes are in session – to get a better feel for the school, and to possibly have a chance to watch a practice session of the Equestrian team. 

Q: When a candidate visits a prospective NCAA Equestrian college, is it recommended that a parent accompany her to meetings with the coach? 

A: Typically, parents are encouraged to attend meetings between coaches and their daughter. Coaches take this time to get to know the candidate's personality, and to allow the candidate an opportunity to ask her own questions. At the end of the visit, parents are encouraged to ask any questions that might not have been addressed. 

Q: How realistic is it to expect an offer of an athletic scholarship from a NCAA Equestrian college? 

A: Scholarship criteria vary from institution to institution, but it should be noted that not every NCAA Equestrian athlete is awarded scholarship funds. A select few receive full ride scholarships.  Athletes can also receive partial scholarships.  A number of athletes may not receive any type of athletic scholarship – but they might be eligible for partial (or full) academic scholarships, either from the respective colleges or from outside entities. Also, at some colleges, an athlete who starts on an Equestrian team as a walk-on might earn an athletic scholarship over time as she continues to improve her riding, maintains a satisfactory academic standard and exhibits a hard-work ethic toward the team. 

"Do's and Don'ts" for Making a Riding Video 

DO make sure to use a videoing mode that allows you to zoom in on horse and rider.  

DO (for Hunter Seat) show examples of flat work – including basic dressage-type maneuvers such as circles, sitting trot, halt transitions, lateral movements and no-stirrup work; and jumping – including footage of some horse-show rounds, but also clips from informal practice at your home barn such as bending lines and equitation turns. As much as possible, display how you ride a horse on the bit. 

DO (for Western Horsemanship), include clips from some of your horse shows, along with practice footage showing the walk, jog, extended jog and lope in both directions; also some practice patterns. 

DO (for Western Reining), include clips from some horse shows, along with footage of reining maneuvers from your practices or lessons. 

DO make sure to showcase yourself in the events you are interested in being recruited to compete in.  For example western riders should demonstrate either horsemanship or reining.

DO wear breeches, tall boots and a snug-fitting tucked-in shirt for Hunter Seat; and jeans, boots, chaps and an appropriate fitted shirt for Western. 

DO show examples of riding at least three different horses – and indicate (with video captions) each horse's age and the current level of its showing or training. Riding a variety of horse types is suggested – for example, don't be afraid to show how you handle a very green horse. 

DO use Youtube if possible. 

DO be sure to attach your name and all your contact information (including graduation year) to your email, as well as in an opening video caption. 

DON'T make your video any longer than 10 minutes. 

DON'T add background music, unless it's unobtrusively neutral and of moderate volume. 

"Do's and Don'ts" for your Riding Resume and Introductory Letter

DO tell the coach all the reasons why you are interested in that particular college, and why you are interested in her his/her team. 

DO conduct some research on the college's team history and dynamic – and mention some specifics in your letter that show the coach you've done that research. 

DO be sure all of your contact information (phone numbers, mailing address and email) is included in your letter – as well as your current class year (grade level) in school. 

DON'T make the letter more than a few short paragraphs. 

DON'T send the letter without double-checking your spelling and grammar! 

Social Media:

Social Media rules are very limited to college coaches which include FB, Instagram and Twitter. Coaches are not allowed to make comments about a candidate’s post other than to like the post. Coaches are allowed to follow or friend candidates however there are strict limitations on how they can communicate through these channels.

Finally, be persistent.  The more that you can reach out to the coaches and get your name out to them the better chance you will have to be considered for a position on a team.  Recognize that academics and athletics are both important in being selected for an Equestrian program.